Machu picchu It
is the most famous and spectacular archeological
park on the continent, considered by UNESCO as
a Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Besides
its archeological wonders, it has an exotic flora
with more than 180 species of orchids, as well
as an abundant fauna; the amazing ant bear and
the cock of the rocks (rupícola Peruvianis) national
historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a cultural
and natural heritage, is made out of 35 archaeological
sites, the main one is the city of Machupicchu
and this is home to 10% of the flora and 20% of
the fauna that exists in Peru.
- Machu Picchu is one of the archeological ruins which awakes a particular interest throughout the world, it is without a doubt the best example of the capabilities of Andean men. There are many theories about Machu Picchu:
suggests that this city was unknown
by the Incas, this is because of the type of construction
and the lack of the dates which points that the construction
was an older than the Incas, that means its origins come
from the pre-Inca time.
second theory suggests that it was the hostage
of the Ñustas or Sun's virgins , that's the reason it
was a sacred city, this theory is held because when the
Spaniards arrived, the Inkas government, with the aim
of avoiding more crimes, hide the virgins in a secret
place in the Andes, this place was the city of Machupicchu;
this theory also explains the discovery of 107 human remains,
68.9% of those were from women. A third theory suggests
that Machu Picchu was the last Capital of the Empire and
Vilcabamba was the last city where the Incas fell under
the command of Manco Inca in the year 1563 when he was
defeated by the Spaniards after surrounding the city.
THE MEANING OF THE WORD MACHU PICCHU:
name comes from the the toponimia of the mountain which is
called Machu Picchu. Dividing the word it means Machu
= old, Picchu = mountain.So it means Old Mountain.
According to Manuel Chavez Ballon it might have been called
"Kuntur Kancha" translated " The condor nest".
The archaeological area is situated on the left side of the
Vilcanota river; in the gorge of Kusichaca, in the district of
Machu Picchu, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco.
The historical sanctuary of Machu Picchu is 32,592 hectares.
is 2490 meters above the sea level, taking the center
of the archeological site as a reference point.According
to some scientists it might have been created about
36 thousand years b.c.
>> WEATHER: As
it is situated in a subtropical area; the temperature rises from 8º
to 22º C. The wet season is from December to April.
Departing from the San Pedro Station in Cusco to Aguas
Calientes, the journey goes for about 3 or four hours
depends on the class of train (112 Km.) Once at Aguas
Calientes you will be able to take the touristic buses
up to the ruins, which is about 15 minutes.
You leave from Cusco, usually at 8 o'clock in the morning
on a 25 minute flight, arriving to the heliport at Aguas
Calientes.Great landscape views.
Adventurers can find their way through the INCA TRAIL MACHU PICCHU
of the greatest adventures and extreme sports in Cusco,
well famous for its popular narrow paths an spectacular
views. You can choose from 4 to 2 days of walking. Dare
yourself to do it!
of the warm weather, a large number of insects and mosquitos
exists there , especially on sunny days. Their bites produce
an irritation and sometimes allergies on the skin.
Protecting yourself with insect repellent is quite recommended.
built in approximately the XV century. The first people
to visit these archeological remains were Gavino Chávez, Enrique
Palma and Agustín Lizárraga on july 14th, 1901. They
left their names engraved in the walls of the city.
It was Hiram Bingham who made the scientific discovery of
this place helped by an expedition from Yale Univerisity in
the USA and the National Geographic Society.
One could say that
this discovery was an accident, as Hiram Bingham was looking
for the city of Vilcabamba which was the last hostage of the
Incas and the last point of resistance against the Spaniards.
Hiram Bingahm "discovered" Machu Picchu in 1911,
it has captured the admiration of the entire world and is
considered now in days one of the World Wonders, and one of
the particular attractives in Peru.
surrounded by a huge jungle and imposing mountains that remain
next to the
visitors through their entire journey.
arrive you'll be captured by the magic of the misterious ruins,
which have been kept for ages, to delight the visitors with its